United Nations (UN) General Assembly (UNGA / GA / AG)
Headquarter:- New York City (United States)
Members:- 193 states (Countries)
Session:- In September (Each year)
GA President Term:- 1 Year
Type:- Principal Organ of the United Nations (UN) under Art 7 of UN Charter.
FUNCTIONS AND POWERS OF UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY
@Deliberative Functions:- Bring any resolution on any matter and discuss on it, But according to Article 12 If UNSC is dealing in any matter, then GA will not Discuss on that matter.
@Supervisory Function:- Control the Principal Organs of UN, Each organ has to submit annual report in GA.
@Financial Function:- Decide Budget of all Principal Organs and specialized agencies of UN.
@Elective Function:- Admission, Suspension and expulsion of the member state to the UN, Election of the Members of the other Organs.
@Constituent Function:- Amendments in UN Charter.
@Uniting for Peace Resolution 1950:- Expending the Role of GA for Emergency session, GA can take action for Peace and Security if UNSC failed, GA can also use of Armed force for P&S.
@Establishment of Subsidiary Organs by GA Under Art 22 of UN Charter.
#GA provisions are mention in chapter 4 Article 9-22 of the UN Charter.
#It is the main Deliberative & Policy making Body of the United Nations (UN).
#GA Voting Procedure comes under Art 18 (2) & Art 18 (3) of UN Charter.
#Each Member State can send Maximum 5 Representatives In GA.
#Each member of the GA shall have one Vote.
#Resolutions Passed in GA will not binding on member states.
#Debate on Humanitarian, Environmental, Political, Economic, Social, Commercial, & Cultural issues, Budgetary matters, International Laws, Admission of New member, Expulsion of Members, International peace and Security.
#State Representative can raise his voice in GA in front of world leaders.