United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)
Headquarter:- New York
Type:- Principal Organ of the United Nations (UN)
Members:- 54 (18 members elected each year for)
Members Term:- 3 Year
Presidency Term:- 1 Year.
Session:- In July (each year)
Type:- Principal Organ of the United Nations (UN) under Art 7 of UN Charter.
Establishment of Commission & Agencies
Functional Commissions:- CSocD, CND, CSTD, CSW, CPD, StatCom, UNFF, CCPCJ,
Regional Commissions:- ECE, ECA, ECLAC, ESCAP, ESCWA
Specialised Agencies:– FAO, ICAO, IFAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, ITU, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WBG (IBRD, IDA, IFC, MIGA, ICSID), WHO, WIPO, WMO.
Other Entities:- UNPFII, UNICEF, UNIATF, IFFD,
#ECOSOC Members are elected by GA.
#Each member of the ECOSOC has One Vote.
#ECOSOC is one of the Six principal organs of the UN.
#ECOSOC addresses Economic, Social, and Cultural issues.
#ECOSOC holds an Annual Meeting each year with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) & World Bank (WB).
#Each member of the ECOSOC shall have One Representative.
#ECOSOC has 15 Specialized agencies, 5 Regional commissions, and 8 Functional commissions.
#Under Article 55 of UN Charter ECOSOC is Responsible for
⇒Promoting Higher standard of Living, Full Employment, and Condition of Economic and Social progress & development.
⇒Solution of International Economic, Social health and related problems.
⇒Promoting universal Respect and observation of Human Right and fundamental Freedoms for all without distinction as to Race, Sex, Language, or Religion.
#Chapter 10 (Articles 61-72) of the UN Charter contains provisions of the ECOSOC.
#Decisions of the ECOSOC shall be made by a majority of the members present and voting.