International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
Established:- 4 April, 1947
Headquarter:- Montreal, Quebec (Canada)
Head:- Secretary-General (SG)
Type:- Specialized Agency of United Nations
Official Language:- French, Russian, English, Spanish, Chinese, Arabic
Member:- 193 (192 UN + Cook Islands)
Parent Organization:- United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)
ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION
#ICAO plays a crucial role in Aviation industry by supporting and enabling a ‘Global air transport network that meets or Surpasses the Social and Economic development and broader Connectivity needs of global Businesses and Passengers’
#ICAO’s primary role in Aviation industry is to enhance Global Civil Aviation safety by effectively implementing the Global Aviation Safety Plan (GASP).
⇒Comprised of all member states
⇒Meets at Least in every 3 Years
⇒Elects States into the Council
⇒Examines and takes action on reports from the Council
⇒Approves Amendments to the Chicago Convention.
⇒Consist of 36 Member States Elected by the Assembly
⇒Elections held every 3 years
⇒Submits Annual reports to the Assembly
⇒Adopts Standards and Recommended practices concerning air Navigation, Its Infrastructure, Flight Inspection, Prevention of Unlawful Interference, and Facilitation of border-crossing procedures for International Civil Aviation.
#ICAO was established to promote cooperation and “Create and Preserve friendship and understanding among the nations and peoples of the world”.
#Articles are Rules each member should follow.
#ICAO has 96 Articles of Chicago Convention.
#If the Convention is Contravened, then ICAO doesn’t have enforcing powers, but it Can publish concerns in Adults available to other States, and Can suspend a state’s voting powers in the Assembly and council.
#Annexes are Standards And Recommended Practices (SARPs)
#ICAO is Responsible for Coordinating and Regulating International air Travel.
#ICAO formed in Chicago Convention 1944 to manage the Administration and Governance of the Convention on International Civil Aviation.
#54 countries signed to establish Provisional International Civil Aviation Organization (PICAO) in Chicago convention 1944.
#ICAO aims to Planning & Development of Air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth of aviation.
#ICAO was created with a vision to ‘achieve the sustainable growth of the global civil aviation system’.
#Primary mission is to serve the global forum of states for international civil aviation.
#ICAO Formerly established as International Commission for Air Navigation (ICAN) in 1903 and continued to function till 1945.
#ICAO also develops policies and standards undertakes compliance audits, performs studies and analysis,
#Albert Roper was the first Secretary General of ICAO.
#ICAO Codifies the Principles and Techniques of International Air Navigation and Fosters the Planning and Development of International Air Transport.